Breuer, Marcel


Breuer, Marcel
(1902-1981)
   furniture designer; best known for his "Breuer Chair." A native of Pecs, Hungary, he came to Weimar in 1920 to study design at the Bauhaus.* When the school moved to Dessau in 1925, he went along as the "master" in charge of the furniture studio. Remaining with the Bauhaus until 1928, he acquired the title Master of Interiors. During the Dessau years he designed the famous steel-tube chair that he named "Wassily" (after his friend and colleague Kandinsky*), and the even better known "Cesca" cantilevered chair.
   Although Breuer grew impatient with the Bauhaus program, later disavowing its influence on his work, Walter Gropius* maintained that nothing so inspired Breuer's creativity as his years as a Bauhaus student. After working as a Berlin* architect during 1928-1931, Breuer embarked on lengthy travels and study throughout Europe. He practiced during 1935-1937 in England and then recon-nected with Gropius as an associate professor of architecture at Harvard. He worked independently from 1947.
   REFERENCES:EA; Cranston Jones, Marcel Breuer.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • BREUER, MARCEL — (1902–1981), architecture and furniture designer. Breuer was born in Pécs, a city in southwest Hungary. In 1920, after high school, he won a scholarship to the Vienna Academy of Fine Art. Disliking the Academy, he went to work for an architect… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BREUER, Marcel — (1902 1981)    Born in Hungary, Marcel Breuer first trained at the famous Bauhaus School of Design in Germany and worked with the German modernist architect Walter Gropius. Known as one of the founders of modernism in both architecture and… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Breuer, Marcel — ▪ Hungarian architect in full  Marcel Lajos Breuer  born May 21, 1902, Pécs, Hung. died July 1, 1981, New York City       architect and designer, one of the most influential exponents of the International Style; he was concerned with applying new …   Universalium

  • Breuer, Marcel — pseud. di Breuer, Lajos …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Breuer, Marcel — ► (1902 81) Arquitecto húngaro, alumno y profesor de la Bauhaus. Ideó la casa binuclear (zona de noche, zona de día, separadas por el vestíbulo de entrada), y realizó el edificio de la UNESCO (París) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Breuer, Marcel —  (1902–1981) Hungarian born American architect and designer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Breuer, Marcel (Lajos) — (21 may. 1902, Pécs, Hungría–1 jul. 1981, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Arquitecto y diseñador de muebles estadounidense de origen húngaro. Estudió y posteriormente enseñó en la Bauhaus (1920–28), donde en 1925 inventó la famosa silla de acero… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Breuer,Marcel Lajos — Breu·er (broiʹər), Marcel Lajos. 1902 1981. Hungarian born American architect and furniture designer who was associated with the Bauhaus in the 1920s. He is known for his chairs with tubular steel frames. * * * …   Universalium

  • Breuer, Marcel (Lajos) — born May 21, 1902, Pécs, Hung. died July 1, 1981, New York, N.Y., U.S. Hungarian U.S. architect and furniture designer. He studied and then taught at the Bauhaus (1920–28), where in 1925 he invented the famous tubular steel chair. He moved to… …   Universalium

  • Breuer — Breuer, Marcel …   Enciclopedia Universal